Antigua and Barbuda

Citizenship-by-Investment

Welcome to Antigua And Barbuda Citizenship By Investment

Thanks to its tourism industry and offshore financial services, Antigua and Barbuda is one of the Caribbean’s most prosperous nations. The island is ringed by coral reefs, sandy beaches, national parks and other breathtaking natural attractions. All of which makes the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment program extremely popular with global investors.

Since the launch of the Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment program (CBI) back in 2013, the Caribbean country has fast become one of the most sought-after destinations for those chasing better opportunities, greater freedom and stability.

Not only do Antigua and Barbuda passport holders benefit from significant global mobility through visa free travel to a number of countries, but the country offers political and economic stability and an attractive tax regime.

A map showing Antigua and Barbuda amongst citizenship by investment countries.

About Antigua And Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is home to some of the Caribbean’s most beautiful beaches, including Half Moon Bay, Turner’s Beach and Darkwood Beach as well as stunning coral reefs, lush rainforests and a variety of activities such as sailing, diving and snorkeling. Its culture is incredibly diverse with influences from West Africa, India and Europe present in its art forms, religions, music and cuisine, making it an attractive destination for many visitors.

In recent years, the nation’s popularity has been further enhanced by its Citizenship by Investment Program (CIP), offering wealthy individuals citizenship in exchange for investing directly into the economy or through approved real estate projects on the islands.

Antigua and Barbuda Ocean and hill
Artboard 1

CAPITAL

Saint John’s

population

POPULATION

97,945

Total area

TOTAL AREA

440 km²

Currency

CURRENCY

East Caribbean Dollar

Geographical Location and Climate

Dominica is situated between the French territories of Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south, forming part of the Lesser Antilles in the Eastern Caribbean. Covering 290 square miles (750 square kilometers), the island features lush, mountainous, and volcanic terrain, including volcanic peaks, hot springs, and numerous waterfalls.

Dominica has a tropical climate with temperatures ranging from 75°F (24°C) to 85°F (29°C) year-round. The island experiences two distinct seasons: the wet season from June to November, coinciding with the Atlantic hurricane season, and a dry season from December to May. The island’s mountainous landscape and abundant rainfall contribute to its lush greenery and fertility, earning it the nickname “Nature Island.

Language and Culture

Dominica’s rich cultural heritage is a reflection of its diverse history. While English is the official language, many residents also speak French Patois (Kwéyòl), which is a French-based Creole language. The island is also home to the Kalinago people, the indigenous inhabitants of Dominica who have preserved their unique customs and traditions.

Dominica’s culture blends African, European and indigenous influences, creating a vibrant mix of music, dance, cuisine and folklore. 

The annual World Creole Music Festival and the island’s vibrant Carnival celebration showcase the island’s cultural diversity and creativity.

As a member of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Dominica enjoys close political, economic and social ties with other Caribbean nations, further enriching its cultural landscape.

Economic Overview

Dominica’s economy is primarily driven by tourism, agriculture and its Citizenship by Investment program. The island is well-known for its eco-tourism, offering activities such as hiking, bird-watching and scuba diving. Dominica’s pristine rainforests, crystal-clear waters and rich marine life attract travelers seeking sustainable and authentic Caribbean experiences.

Agriculture remains an important sector of the island’s economy, largely dominated by the production of bananas, citrus fruits and other tropical crops. Additionally, Dominica has been diversifying its agricultural exports to include niche products such as coffee, cocoa and essential oils.

Established in 1993, Dominica’s Citizenship by Investment program has become a major contributor to Dominica’s economic growth. By offering foreign investors the opportunity to obtain citizenship through various investment options — such as a non-refundable contribution to the Economic Diversification Fund (EDF) or an investment in pre-approved real estate projects — the program has generated significant revenue. These funds have been invested in infrastructure, education, healthcare and other sectors.

Why Choose Antigua And Barbuda Citizenship By Investment

VISA FREE TRAVEL

As a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda, you can gain visa free access when travelling to over 132 countries – including the UK and Schengen states, as well as major countries in North America, Latin America and Asia.

FAMILY SAFETY AND FUTURE SECURITY

The Antiguan and Barbudan citizenship can be extended to your spouse, dependent children and parents. Antigua is known for being a very secure and stable country and can, therefore, offer you and your family a high-quality life.

FAST APPLICATION PROCESS

Obtain your Antiguan and Barbudan passport with only 4-6 months, without the need to visit or reside on the islands. Antigua and Barbuda allows dual citizenships, which means that you do not have to renounce your original nationality.

BUSINESS BENEFITS

Antigua and Barbuda passport holders benefit from important tax advantages, such as no capital gains, estate or foreign income tax. The country has a fixed USD currency and duty-free trading across the Caribbean.

How to Qualify for
Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment

Beach and Houses in Antigua

Antigua And Barbuda Citizenship By Investment Eligibility Requirements

To qualify for the Antigua & Barbuda citizenship program, applicants must meet certain requirements:

  • They must be at least 18 years old
  • Have no criminal record
  • Possess a valid passport from their country of residence (which should also allow them entry into Antigua)
  • Provide proof of investment funds
  • Demonstrate that their source of wealth is legitimate
  • Obtain medical clearance certificates if required
  • Prove that they do not pose any risk or threat to national security or public order within the twin-island nation
  • Provide two reference letters from reputable sources who can vouch for their good character, plus pay all applicable fees associated with applying.

Antigua And Barbuda Citizenship By Investment (CBI) Investment Options

An infographic showing the investment options for Antigua and Barbuda citizenship by investment.

Acquiring citizenship by investment in Antigua and Barbuda provides qualified applicants with diverse financial pathways, each devised with lucrative returns. Included are four investment categories that applicants must choose from and fulfill.

1. National Development Fund (NDF)

This not-for-profit fund offers applicants the option to contribute a non-refundable amount of USD 100,000 for a single applicant or for a family of 4 (or less). For a family of 5 or more, the contribution increases to USD 125,000, with an additional USD 15,000 from the 5th dependant onwards. 

The primary applicant can include their spouse, dependent children, and dependent parents aged 55 or older in the application without an additional National Development Fund (NDF) contribution. However, government and due diligence fees are still required for each individual, as detailed in the fees section.

The fund supports government-backed initiatives, inclusive of public-private partnerships and other approved investments, thus propelling national development.

Additional Fees (NDF Option)

Main Applicant Spouse Children between 12-17 years of age Children over 18 years of age
Due Diligence Fee USD 7500 USD 7500 USD 2000 USD 4000
Processing Fee USD 30,000 Nil Nil USD 15,000 for each additional dependant over a family of 4
Passport Fee USD 300 USD 300 USD 300 USD 300

2. The University of the West Indies Fund (UWI)

Pledging a non-recoupable contribution to UWI’s fourth campus is another investment alternative. Priced at USD 150,000, it caters to applications intended for a family of six or more members and provides one privileged family member with a one-year, tuition-only scholarship at UWI.

Additional Fees (UWI Option)

Main Applicant Spouse Children between 12-17 years of age Children over 18 years of age
Due Diligence Fee USD 7500 USD 7500 USD 2000 USD 4000
Processing Fee Nil Nil Nil USD 15,000 for each additional dependant over a family of 6
Passport Fee USD 300 USD 300 USD 300 USD 300

3. Real Estate Investment

This alternative allows applicants to acquire approved property, either independently, for a minimum of USD 400,000, or jointly, with an investment of no less than USD 200,000 each. However, the resale of the property is restricted until five years have passed following the purchase unless the property being acquired is an officially approved alternate real estate property.

Additional Fees (Real Estate Option)

Main Applicant Spouse Children between 12-17 years of age Children over 18 years of age
Due Diligence Fee USD 7500 USD 7500 USD 2000 USD 4000
Processing Fee USD 30,000 Nil Nil USD 15,000 for each additional dependant over a family of 4
Passport Fee USD 300 USD 300 USD 300 USD 300

4. Business Investment

Finally, prospects can purchase an approved business for a minimum sum of USD 1.5 million personally or opt for a joint investment equating to at least USD 5 million, with each participant contributing a minimum of USD 400,000.

Once the selected investment is made and necessary application forms (obtainable from licensed local agents), are submitted, approvals usually arrive within three months. Certificates of citizenship registration and passports are issued within six weeks of approval, subject to fulfillment of due diligence checks and the Oath of Allegiance, requirements to be completed either in person on the Antiguan and Barbudan territory or at an Embassy, High Commission, or Consular Office of Antigua and Barbuda.

Additional Fees (Business Investment Option)

Main Applicant Spouse Children between 12-17 years of age Children over 18 years of age
Due Diligence Fee USD 7500 USD 7500 USD 2000 USD 4000
Processing Fee USD 30,000 Nil Nil USD 15,000 for each additional dependent over a family of 4
Passport Fee USD 300 USD 300 USD 300 USD 300

Once the selected investment is made and necessary application forms (obtainable from licensed local agents), are submitted, approvals usually arrive within three months. Certificates of citizenship registration and passports are issued within six weeks of approval, subject to fulfillment of due diligence checks and the Oath of Allegiance, requirements to be completed either in person on the Antiguan and Barbudan territory or at an Embassy, High Commission, or Consular Office of Antigua and Barbuda.

Antigua And Barbuda Citizenship Application Process And Timeline

Initial Application and Processing

The Citizenship by Investment program in Antigua and Barbuda is managed by the Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU), a government authority tasked with the comprehensive review and processing of all applications. This rigorous approach ensures that only qualified candidates receive Antiguan citizenship. Additionally, the CIU may request interviews with applicants if necessary during the review process.

It is important for prospective candidates to understand that the CIU enforces strict due diligence protocols. Any inaccuracies, false statements, or omissions of relevant information in the application can result in disqualification.

The pathway to obtaining citizenship by investment in Antigua and Barbuda is designed to be both direct and meticulous, guaranteeing that all successful applicants uphold the high standards required.

Below is a detailed guide outlining the timeline and necessary steps involved in the process.

Step 1: Preliminary Due Diligence (1 day)

Performed by accredited agencies such as Next Generation Equity, the preliminary due diligence phase is designed to detect any potential issues that might arise later. This is done by an accredited Anti-Money Laundering Officer who reviews the investor’s documents. At this juncture, investors only need to provide their passports.

Step 2: Eligibility Check (Immediate assessment)

Applicants must be 18 or older and have a clean legal record. The program accommodates dependents, including spouses, children under 31, and parents or grandparents over 55.

Step 3: Choose an Investment Option

Choose an investment option out of the National Development Fund, 

The University of West Indies Fund, Real Estate or Business Investment. 

Step 4: Document Preparation (2 to 4 weeks)

Legal advisors from Next Generation Equity assist applicants in preparing, translating, and notarizing all necessary personal and financial documents. 

Step 5: Hire an Authorized Agent (1-2 days)

Engage a CIU-licensed agent to process your application, ensuring compliance and accurate submission.

Step 6: Submit Application (Processing time: 3-6 months)

Submit your complete application along with due diligence fees and required documents such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, and proof of funds.

Step 7: In-depth Due Diligence (3 months minimum)

The Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) of Antigua and Barbuda conducts thorough checks against international databases to validate the applicant’s information.

Step 8: Approval and Investment (30 days)

Once approved, fulfill your chosen investment within 30 days to proceed with the citizenship issuance.

Step 9: Citizenship and Passport Issuance (4 weeks)

After investment verification, the CIU issues a Certificate of Registration. Then, you can apply for an Antiguan passport, which is typically issued within four weeks of the investment. The documents can be couriered to an address of the applicant’s choice. 

Step 10: Oath of Allegiance (1 day)

Finalize the citizenship process by taking the Oath of Allegiance (along with all adult family members), which can be completed via video conference, at an embassy, or in Antigua and Barbuda.

Ideally, this entire process takes between three and four months from the initial application to the passport issuance, assuming all steps are successfully and timely executed.

Step 11: Maintaining Citizenship (Annual check)

As part of the program’s uniqueness, successful applicants are obligated to reside in Antigua and Barbuda for a minimum of five days during the first five years of obtaining their citizenship. While this may vary with certain options like the real estate investment, it still remains a requirement in the process.

Tax Advantages of Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship 

Investing in Antigua and Barbuda not only rewards you with a coveted passport with visa-free access to more than 140 destinations worldwide but also presents one of the most generous tax regimes worldwide. If you gain Antiguan and Barbudan citizenship through investment, you acquire the right to become a tax resident of the country, which consists of many tax benefits.

No Personal Income Tax

Antigua and Barbuda has no personal income tax. Personal income tax was abolished in 2016, positioning the nation competitively in the Caribbean region aiming to lure foreign investors and high-net-worth individuals. Keep in mind that if you don’t spend at least 183 days in Antigua and Barbuda a year, you will not be a registered tax resident and you will be subject to a 25% withholding tax on any income sourced in Antigua and Barbuda.

Favorable Corporate Tax Structure 

For businesses, the corporate tax rate stands at 25%, applicable to resident companies on worldwide income. Non-resident companies are taxed only on income sourced from Antigua and Barbuda. However, foreign tax relief does exist under certain conditions such as having paid taxes in a fellow British commonwealth country or one where there is a tax treaty.  

Establishing Tax Residency 

You also have the option to go down the residency path as opposed to the citizenship path. To establish tax residency in Antigua and Barbuda, some requirements include maintaining a residential address in the country, spending a minimum of 30 days per year there, and having a substantial annual income. The financial implications encompass paying a flat tax of $20K per annum. Once a tax resident, you can enjoy several benefits such as no taxes on worldwide income, capital gains, inheritance, and wealth.

Other Tax Considerations 

While property, transfer, and stamp duty taxes still apply, strategies exist to minimize your tax liability. These involve understanding eligible credits and deductions, increasing retirement contributions, harvesting losses, making donations, etc. Furthermore, goods and services like imports are generally subject to additional levies like the Antigua sales tax (ABST) and others, administered by the Inland Revenue Department while collected by the Customs and Excise Department.

Dual Citizenship With Antigua And Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda permits the holding of dual citizenship. This is explicitly assured in the country’s constitution, which was established in 1981. Hence, individuals can retain their original nationality while gaining Antiguan and Barbudan nationality as well. This provides the freedom and flexibility to maintain connections to both countries, allowing for the wide-ranging benefits of dual nationality.

However, it’s important to note that the acceptance of dual citizenship is contingent upon the regulations of your country of origin. Some nations may not permit dual citizenship, requiring their nationals to relinquish their original citizenship upon acquisition of a new one. As such, it’s essential to consult with the specific citizenship laws of your home country to determine whether you’ll be able to sustain your original citizenship while also becoming a national of Antigua and Barbuda.

Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship By Investment FAQs

How Do I Become a Citizen of Antigua and Barbuda?

To become a citizen of Antigua and Barbuda through their Citizenship by Investment Program, you must either make a non-refundable contribution of USD 100,000 to the National Development Fund or USD 150,000 to the University of West Indies Fund, purchase government-approved property valued at least USD 200,000 or invest USD 1.5 million in a government-approved business.

Can the Investment Be Financed Through a Loan?

No, the investment must be made with funds that belong to you and not financed through a loan or a similar arrangement, ensuring that the funds are free from liens or encumbrances.

Is Antigua and Barbuda a Good Place to Invest?

Yes, Antigua and Barbuda is considered a good place to invest. The nation’s stable political climate and growing economy, driven by tourism and real estate, create favorable conditions for investment. The government’s efforts to attract foreign direct investment through incentives and the development of critical infrastructure further enhance its appeal. Real estate investment, especially in tourism-related properties, is particularly promising given the islands’ beautiful landscapes and increasing popularity as a tourist destination.

How Long Does it Take to Get Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship?

The entire process, from application submission to receiving your passport, usually takes 3-4 months, depending on the thoroughness of the due diligence process and the completeness of the application submission. The processing time could be extended if discrepancies are found during background checks or if there are other unforeseen issues with the documentation submitted.

Which Family Members Can I Include in My Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship Application?

You can include your spouse, dependent children under 31, dependent parents or grandparents over 55, and siblings under 26 (if unmarried and without children) in your application.

What is the cheapest Caribbean citizenship by investment?

Obtaining an Antigua & Barbuda passport is one of the most cost-effective options when considering second residency across Caribbean nations through its Citizenship By Investment Program (CIP). Through this program, an economic contribution must be made either via investing in pre-approved real estate projects or donating to the National Development Fund (NDF).

This initial entry requirement begins at only USD 100,000 for a single applicant and USD 150k plus fees for a family of up to four people. In contrast, other islands such as St Kitts & Nevis require minimum investments starting from USD 200k+.

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